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Stories of presidents who served around the Civil War shared in book

James Robertson shares the stories of a few presidents in his book, "After the Civil War: The Heroes, Villains, Soldiers and Civilians Who Changed America."

James Buchanan

President when rumblings came of secession. He did not believe the Southern states could legally secede but as a lawyer and strict constitutionalist saw no legal way he could stop them from doing so. After Lincoln took office, he returned to Pennsylvania and remained quiet.

He opposed the Emancipation Proclamation and supported the South returning to the Union as slave states. He died in 1868, shortly after his memoirs were published. (Tall, pleasant man, poised, congenial, vacillated while president, depressed over things he could not or would not control.)

Andrew Johnson

Spent his time in office in open warfare with the Congress and is best known as the president who evaded removal by one vote.

Upon leaving office he returned to his home in Tennessee, survived a cholera attack in 1873 and died in 1875, shortly before he was appointed to return to the U.S. Senate. (Voracious reader, medium size, always neatly dressed, courteous but could be crude, opinionated, highly principled, not tactful, no common sense, uncompromising, abrasive against adversaries, hardworking, honest, hotheaded, contentious.)

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